The constituted trained teams will undertake the locust control operations. The ground teams will be stationed at the established 8 control bases. The core responsibilities of ground teams will be to monitor the movement and development of the locust and to conduct appropriate control operations. In addition, they will transmit communication on locust matters to the Base Managers. The manager of each control base will be responsible for relying on timely communication on desert locust matters to the county governments and the LCC. Further the manager will maintain updated records of pesticides stocks and equipment which would be used to facilitate quick and effective execution of control operations from the specific base. The amount of the centrally procured pesticides and equipment to be deployed to specific locust control bases will be guided by the information from surveillance activities. The choice of the type of pesticide and equipment to be deployed will be determined by the stage of the locust, vastness of the area to be sprayed and terrain of the infested areas. Best practices for the desert Locust control operations will be followed. Timely control operations will be executed targeting the breeding sites to control the hopper bands. In addition, adult locust swarms will be controlled whenever they are sighted. The spraying operation will be undertaken either early in the morning and/or late in the evening.
To achieve an effective aerial spraying operation, the team will ensure the following;
- GPS coordinates of the spray site are obtained in advance
- Necessary pesticide and aviation fuel loading pumps are brought to the loading site
- There is water supply at the loading site
- Aircraft is loaded with fuel and pesticides
- Aircraft spray system is well calibrated
- The pilot and crew are dressed appropriately with PPE
- Ascertain the airstrip is in good condition with working lighting systems
- An aircraft engineer is at the site
- Cleaning of spray system after the spray operation is undertaken
- Security persons are at the site to guard the aircraft when parked at the airstrip
Ground spraying operations will be undertaken either by use of vehicle-mounted sprayers or knapsack/hand held ULV sprayers. To ensure effective spraying is undertaken using vehicle-mounted sprayers, the choice of vehicle for use will be based on ability to service vehicle, availability of adequate space to mount the sprayer and suitability of vehicle to move in rough terrain. The motorized sprayer and knapsack sprayer will be well calibrated to avoid wastage of pesticides. Additional batteries will be available at the control site to facilitate the hand held sprayers run effectively for a long period. All persons undertaking ground spraying will dress up in appropriate personal protective gear. The spraying equipment will be thoroughly washed, dried and stored after the operations. All empty pesticide containers and other associated wastes will be disposed of according to the stipulated guidelines. Spraying operations will not be undertaken during the hottest times of the day and periods characterized by very strong winds and rainfall. Safety precautions will be observed during all control operations to minimize negative impact to human health, livestock, wildlife, water bodies and the environment. Risk analysis will be conducted and mitigation measures deployed to minimize negative effects.