The project will promote a participatory community driven development approach to restoration and rehabilitation interventions in areas affected by desert locust invasion. The project will leverage on community structures established through the sister projects of NARGP and KSCAP. The project was support the Participatory Integrated Community Development PICD process to guide identification of project intervention and potential beneficiaries. The project will also support a rapid assessment/baseline survey to collect data on the impact of locust invasion to farming and livestock keeping households. The data collected will contribute to identification of affected households and interventions under the PICD. The project has developed Community Engagement and Planning Guidelines to ensure a participatory community entry process and planning for sustainable development.
The guide provides tools and detailed methodology to community engagement during rapid assessment, sensitization, PICD process, flagging of opportunities and enlisting/profiling of CIGs and VMGs. The process will take the following steps:-
- Rapid assessment/Baseline survey – This will take 15 days and will involve i) Recruitment and Training enumerators
Data collection involving Household Survey, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) & Key informant Interview (KII). iii) Report compilation and stakeholder validation at county level. A national rapid assessment report will also be prepared.
- Stakeholder Sensitization and community mobilization
The project team will hold consultations with county, sub county and ward stakeholders and community barazas to sensitize the stakeholders about the project and to identify their roles and contribution to project objectives.
- Participatory Integrated Community Development (PICD) process
The PICD process will focus on preparing the community for project intervention and will promote ownership; ensure credibility of the intervention; bring a broader range of stakeholders to the planning process; provide an opportunity for community members to actively participate; build trust and enhance skills for sustainability. PICD will be all-inclusive process to invoke community involvement in identification of their problems and appropriate solutions/alternative interventions to address them. A PICD manual has already been developed and the County Coordinating Units training on the roll out process.
The PICD process will take a period of thirty days in the wards where KCSAP/NARIGP is not operating and a shorter period of twelve days in areas already by the two projects. The PICD process will involve the following phases:-
- Preparations for PICD
- Training the SCTT/Ward Stakeholders on the PICD process (Initiation Stage, Awareness Creation & attitude Change phase)
- Planning Phase
- Initiation Stage:- Awareness Creation & attitude Change phase (can be integrated in the sensitization and community mobilization)
- Data Collection/Gathering
- Secondary Data Gathering Phase (Checklist will be availed)
- Primary Data collection- Field Survey
- Participatory Analysis of Poverty Livelihood Dynamics (PAPOLD) (consider integrating the VMGs under community mobilization by reviewing the tool)
- Problem Analysis and drafting of CDP/MCAPs
- Ratification stage – CDP/MCAP ratification Barazas
- Formulation of sub-county VCs
- VC problem statements and writing the Ward PICD Process Report
- Flagging of opportunities
- Flagging of opportunities and interventions
- Aligning and profiling CIGs and VMGs (members) into ELRP intervention areas
- Validation Barazas
- Confirmation of VCs
- Confirmation of elected CDDCs members